SANTIAGO DE CUBA
Santiago de Cuba was founded in 1515 by Governor Diego Velazquez. The
King of Spain made it the capital of the island in 1522, and it remained the
capital until 1553.
This is the Cuban city with the greatest Caribbean
flavor, and it hosts many popular festivities. It is also distinguished by
having been the scene of important events in Cuba's
history and by being the place where the Virgen de la Caridad
del Cobre, Cuba's
patron saint, is venerated with the most fervor.
To Santiago de Cuba
are usually applied two characteristics that make it unique: its friendly,
happy and helping people and its historic and cultural heritage. Its Caribbean identity can be noticed in the music and
The city has a title that is Hero of the Republic of Cuba
for the role played by its people during the 1950's revolutionary struggles. As
a tourist destination, it has incomparable possibilities to enjoy of beaches,
city and nature and for the wealth of the three sites. In those areas there is
a growing development of event tourism, in both the cultural and commercial
aspect of it. Santiago de Cuba is bounded by Holguin province to the north, to the west by Granma
province, to the south by the Caribbean Sea and to the east by Guantanamo province. The
area of the province is 6 343.21 square km. You can arrive in Santiago
at the "Antonio Maceo" International Airport.
Using the roads from any other place in Cuba and using the sea by the Punta
Gorda Marina. For those arriving at Santiago de Cuba, there are several lodging
options in the city and surroundings, both related to sea and nature. It will
always be a guarantee for visitors looking for quiet and comfort. Santiago de Cuba has been
privileged by its historical evolution. In the city are located two of the
Cuban sites honored by the UNESCO with World's Heritage titles: The San Pedro
de la Roca (el
Morro) castle and the ruins of the first French coffee plantations at La Gran Piedra.
Céspedes Park is,
without a doubt, the heart of the only Hero
City of the Republic of Cuba,
scenario on July 26 of 1953 of the attack on the Moncada
Garrison, action that set the start of the last stage of the national
liberation war. This is also the place where the remains of the National Hero,
José Martí, lay in an impressive funeral monument of
the Cemetery of Santa Ifigenia.
Around 15 museums, including Bacardí –the
first one built in the country; the paternity of two popular and transcendental
musical rhythms: Son and Bolero; the prestigious institution of Orfeón Santiago; the fidelity to artistic expressions like Contredanse (which is said came as French and became
Cuban), and the best carnival of the island; are cultural treasures jealously
preserved, but also pleasantly shared with visitors, because Santiago is, above
all, a city of open and cordial people.
All of them are part of the region's attractions along with Granma Key
Park. There are many
other things that make the people of Santiago
to be full of pride: to be the cradle of almost all Cuban musical genres par
excellence in a country where music is the soul and root of everything and its
The Santiago de Cuba
region has also a sea and mountain environment which are all the necessary
conditions to develop nature and adventure tourism, trekking, sea related
activities and health tour-ism. But there is nothing compared to walk-ing its streets full of history and music.